Metro Appliances & More we have a well-trained
and experienced staff of lighting professionals
ready to assist you in your selection process.
We’ll make sure that your lighting experience
is truly “enlightening.” Learn
more about lighting with the following helpful
Exterior lighting should not only enhance the beauty
of your home but also add safety and security for
you and your guests. It can make a dramatic first
impression as well as illuminate house numbers,
locks, and changes in walk surface levels. Plus,
for security, allows you to identify visitors before
opening your doors.
Choose the correct size fixture
for the scale of your home by stepping out to
the street and visualizing how the fixture will
appear from the street. Remember that a wall
fixture that is 24 inches tall will not look
large home will diminish the overall scale of
a warm, welcoming look, select two wall mounted
fixtures on either side of your entry at a height
of approximately 66 inches and, when possible,
space about four feet apart.
Under a soffit, overhang
or porch, you can choose from a recessed fixture,
chain hung or flush mount. Additional entries
can be lighted with a single wall mounted fixture
placed on the doorknob side of the entrance.
additional safety and convenience, we recommend
mounting a floodlight fixture with a motion sensor
above the garage door. This fixture will turn
on automatically when you drive up and when uninvited
When positioning outdoor lights,
be careful not to shine unwanted light towards
your neighbors. Aim a floodlight down at a 45-degree
angle and remember a little light goes a long
way in pure darkness.
Most of our fixtures are
cast aluminum or solid brass and will not rust.
An antique brass, rust, verde, black or white
finish will remain close to its original appearance,
but we can not guarantee that polished brass
will keep its luster for more than six months.
Flush mount fixtures are a good source of general
lighting in almost every area of the home. In
an entry area, avoid sudden changes in light
intensity from the foyer to hall and living areas.
Hallway lighting should be bright enough
to light stairs, corners, and any other potential
hazardous areas. The light should be bright enough
to distinguish a blue coat from black, but not
bright enough for reading.
in bedrooms or studies can provide a general
source of soft lighting. Functional ceiling lights
in closets and pantries will assist you in identifying
the items you need and help sort colors of clothes
lighting in a work area such as a kitchen or
laundry room offers an even light, delivering
three times the light per watt of an incandescent
bulb and lasts 10 to 20 times longer. For this
reason, consider fluorescent fixtures in areas
where changing bulbs is inconvenient.
Foyer & Hall Fixtures
Hanging fixtures can provide an excellent source
of general lighting, as well as create a center
of attention and stylish focal point for an entire
area. The hanging foyer fixture you select is
the first thing guests see as they enter your
home, creating the personality of your home.
Consider the scale of your entire home when
selecting a hanging fixture for a large, 2-story
entry or open stairway. The size of this fixture
will enhance the open, grand feel of your home.
By choosing a fixture that is too small for your
space, you could deter from on of your home's
most prominent architectural design features.
Placement in a foyer could depend on
the stairway location or the presence of an upper
window. Consider the appearance from the street
or walkway as well as from inside your home.
In some cases you may want to sacrifice some
aesthetic appearance the fixture gives to the
interior of your home to accomplish a dramatic
scene on the outside of your home.
a "light lift" for fixtures
hung from high ceilings. It installs in the ceiling
above the canopy and will allow you to lower
chandeliers electronically for cleaning and changing
Chandeliers provide a key element in the decor
of your dining area, and are functional as well.
Supplementary lighting with wall sconces, recessed
lighting or lamps can also enhance the aura of
A chandelier should be
in good proportion to your table, but not necessarily
the room. The minimum diameter of the chandelier
should be about 6" narrower than the width
of your table on each side.
In rooms with 8' ceilings,
hang the chandelier so the bottom of the fixture
is 29-34 inches above the top of the table. In
rooms with higher ceilings, raise the chandelier
another 3 inches for every additional foot of
ceiling height. Be careful not to block the view
of your guests across the table. Also, keep in
mind any special centerpieces you may use.
The style of
the fixture is important to take into consideration
as well. For instance, a single "bowl" or
contemporary disk fixture would be more appealing
hung at a lower height, while an intricate crystal
chandelier may be hung at a higher level so one
may appreciate all the various cuts of crystal.
Keep in mind the specific
activities that may take place at your table
other than dining. If, for instance, you play
cards at your table, a fixture with bulbs pointing
down or a down light would give you more light.
Chandeliers with arms pointing up towards the
ceiling may not provide enough light so consider
supplementing with two recessed down lights placed
18 inches beyond either side of the outside diameter
of the chandelier. Another option is to place
4 recessed fixtures above the four corners of
Many fixtures providing light in these areas
need to be functional as well as stylish. Consider
what activities may take place at the area which
you are lighting. Children may be doing homework,
or perhaps your family enjoys playing games at
a dinette or kitchen table, select a fixture
with lights pointing down onto the surface instead
of a chandelier with all the lights pointing
up towards the ceiling.
However, if you
use this area strictly for dining, use indirect
lighting with the bulbs pointing upward would
create a softer and more relaxing mood.
Pendant lights are particularly useful directly
over work surfaces such as kitchen islands, kitchen
sinks, kitchen tables, and game tables. Most
of the light projects down, and directly illuminates
the work surface.
Metal pendant lights direct
the light down onto the table while a pendant
light with a glass or translucent shade will
direct light down as well as out and into the
Since most pendants utilize
a bare bulb or have an open bottom, they can
produce glare when using a high wattage bulb.
Use a frosted, globe shaped bulb and a dimmer
to help control this glare.
Hang a pendant style
fixture so the bottom is about 30 inches above
the top of the table and its size approximately
12 inches narrower than the diameter or width
of the table. Since it has an open bottom, you
will want to hang it lower, as mentioned above,
and directly over the work surface to avoid glare
from the bulb.
Since Tiffany fixtures usually have an open
bottom or down light they provide a desirable
amount of light over dining tables and game tables.
When selecting Tiffany-style lighting, keep
in mind that the colors appear much darker when
the fixture is not on.
Wall sconces can be used in numerous locations
in your home and provide a variety of effects
such as general lighting, task lighting, and/or
In a hallway, place sconces
every 8-10 feet at a height of 66-72 inches above
the floor. This should provide adequate lighting.
If you select a sconce that uses a lower wattage
bulb, you may want to supplement it with some
recessed down lights and/or lights in the hall
closet if the hall lighting is not bright enough
to impact the closet area.
Using sconces on either side
of an entry way can serve as an invitation into
the area. Placed on either side of a fireplace,
sconces provide a soft glow to accent the area.
Sconces also work as night-lights for almost
rooms with high, vaulted ceilings, wall sconces
can provide the main source of lighting as well
as enhance the beauty of the vault. Choose a
sconce with the bulb pointing up and a style
that accepts a higher wattage bulb. The placement
of wall sconces depends on the height of the
wall and where you need the light. Generally,
66-72 inches above the floor is a recommended
height. In a room with a vaulted ceiling, you
may want to raise them slightly.
In bedrooms, placing sconces on
either side of the bed, instead of lamps, provide
task lighting for reading in addition to creating
a cozy atmosphere.
Lighting above your mirror should be centered
over the sink to minimize shadowing on your face.
If you have two sinks, center a fixture over
Metro Lighting recommends mounting
fixtures on either side of the mirror or sink.
Mount them no further than 30 inches apart to
avoid shadows and approximately 60 to 66 inches
off the floor depending on the height of those
who will be utilizing the bathroom.
with translucent white diffusers are the best
source to avoid glare, while fixtures with exposed
bare bulbs sometimes produce a glare.
Consider the size of your bathroom when
selecting your lighting. If your bath is larger
than 10'x10', it may require a separate ceiling
fixture for general lighting as well as over
the vanity area. If you have a separate shower
stall, toilet, or tub, choose a specific light
for that area. For example, a recessed shower/tub
A dimmer control will allow your bathroom
lighting to double as a night-light for any unscheduled
trips made during the night.
To move air efficiently
in a room up to 12'X12', you will need a fan
with at least a 42" blade
span. In a room greater than 12'x12', you will
need a fan with at least a 50" blade span.
If the room is exceptionally large or long, consider
more than one fan.
For ultimate performance
and looks, the bottom of the fan or any fan
component should hang no lower than 6'6" or
any higher than 10' from the floor, no matter
what your ceiling height. For high ceilings
consider using a downrod extension.
If you're removing a light fixture
to install a fan, consider adding a light kit
to your fan. Also, be sure the fan is secured
properly. Fans weigh more than a light fixture
and will need a specific mounting box and/or
try to choose a control switch to use with your
fan for convenience and to avoid the noise that
dangling chains may cause.
All of our
fans are reversible, allowing you to cool in
the summer and to gently push heated air down
into the room in the winter. Ceiling fans can
offer dramatic energy savings. By using a fan
with your air conditioning during the summer,
you can save approximately 4-8% on your energy
bill for each degree you raise your thermostat.
Remember, fans cool you by creating a wind-chill
effect. Your room can feel up to 6% cooler than
it really is by utilizing a ceiling fan in the
By reversing the direction
of your fan in the winter, you can save approximately
1-2% on your heating bill for each degree you
lower your thermostat. It does this by pushing
the trapped warm air off your ceiling. Depending
up on your ceiling height this differential could
be from 4 to 8 degrees or more. By utilizing
a ceiling fan in the winter, your room's floor
temperature will be approximately the same as
the temperature at your room's ceiling height.
Most of Metro Lighting's fans carry a
lifetime warranty on the motor. We can arrange
for installation through a licensed electrical
Dimmers allow you the most flexibility with
almost any lighting application, whether reading
the newspaper of having a romantic dinner at
your table. They can allow fixtures to be used
as night-lights or security lighting when away
from your home.
Dimmers can dramatically increase
the life expectancy of light bulbs and save electricity.
following chart explains:
% Lights are Dimmed
Extends Bulb Life
Track Lighting Tips
Track lighting is primarily
used for accent or task lighting. It is meant
to illuminate a specific area or object with
a pool of light.
a specific object, place the track head at a
30-60 degree angle from the
horizontal plane of the object. If it is a picture
with glass, do not place the light more than
feet from the wall in order to reduce glare.
of track lighting down the center of a room will
only cause glare in your face and shadows on
your task area.
When laying out your
track plan, take the following steps:
the length of the track you will need.
- Determine where along the
track you will need power, whether at the end
or somewhere in the middle.
- Select the proper connecting units needed
for your plan.
- Select the proper bulb type and wattage needed
for your plan.
- Then select the style and quantity of track
fixtures you will need.
Keep in mind that a track
system is very flexible and, if necessary, you
can add to it later.
Recessed Lighting Tips
Recessed fixtures are an excellent
source of general lighting as well as task and
accent lighting. The fixture is hidden in the
ceiling so that it will provide light without
For general lighting, use down
lights spaced evenly in groups of four or more,
6-8 feet apart.
In bathrooms, use a recessed
shower light over tubs and showers to provide
safety when bathing or showering. In the kitchen,
or other work areas, place down lights above
the front edge of your counter spaced 2 feet
apart. This will evenly illuminate the workspace
in front of you.
Using recessed lighting to
accent artwork and architectural features can
create dramatic effects. Placing fixtures 6-8
inches from a wall and 12-24 inches apart can
emphasize a brick or stone wall. This technique
is known as "grazing."
By placing down lights
in the exterior eaves of your home every 8-10
feet you can create a dramatic effect by "washing" your
home with a soft light.
Take the following steps to
select your recessed lighting:
- Determine the
type of housing you will need.
- Select the proper bulb type
and wattage – this
is determined by what you want the light to
- Select the trim type to best suit your plan.
lighting, unlike track, is not flexible and cannot
be easily changed. If you want to achieve a clean
look, the nearly invisible recessed can and tram
places more emphasis on what is being lit than
the fixture itself.
Floor & Table
To reduce glare from table lamps, make sure
the bottom of the socket and/or the bottom of
the shade are at eye level when you are seated.
a room with a high or vaulted ceiling, consider
using a floor torchier lamp to emphasize the
vault and soften large walls.
lamps for bedside reading, consider a halogen
lamp because halogen bulbs give out tightly focused
light that should not disturb others in the room.
Under Cabinet Lighting
Under cabinet lighting can give counters in
the kitchen and other work areas the desired
light levels to perform tasks more efficiently.
These fixtures should be mounted as far to the
front of the space under the cabinet as possible,
unless you're trying to achieve an accent effect
against the rear wall. Under cabinet fixtures
are relatively inexpensive for the benefits achieved
and can be installed in new or existing applications.
Under cabinet fixtures generally
use an energy-efficient fluorescent lamp ranging
from 12 to 48 inches in length. Fixtures using
other bulb types, such as halogen, are also available.
Landscape lighting will not
only add beauty and excitement to your home and
landscape design, but will also increase your
home's value & provide
safety by adding light to walkways, sidewalks,
and stairs. It will also protect your family
and home by furnishing security to help deter
burglaries and vandalism.
can create dramatic effects by shadowing your
home, accenting trees and other garden highlights,
and extend the hours of outside activity for
you and your family.
When planning and designing
your landscape lighting consider the following
- Control the time your lighting
goes on and off with a timer. They're inexpensive,
very convenient and do their job whether you're
home or away.
- When you're not using a fixture in a decorative
scene try to hide your light source whenever
possible behind bushes, shrubs, landscape boulders,
etc. This will give a more dramatic effect.
- Metro Lighting believes a little light goes
a long way. Over lighting, in most cases, impedes
the desired mood you're trying to create.
- Take time to plan and use your imagination
by using a number of lighting techniques for
exciting and dramatic results.
- If you live in close proximity of other
homes, direct your lighting considerately.
course, Metro Appliances & More has a full staff
of highly trained and experienced lighting
consultants to answer your each and every question,
plus we'll help you layout and design the lighting
for your home. You can feel confident that
Metro Appliances & More will give you quality,
style, and service when your lighting needs